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TEXT: 1 Samuel 16; II Kings 1
INTRODUCTION: Our last lesson was on the life of King Saul.
1. He had a Positive Beginning: His physical appearance was greater in charm, personality and size than anyone else. His humble service was impressive. He genuinely seemed to care about his family and others. His spiritual upbringing was greatly lacking. He lived 5 miles from Samuel who preached the Word for 25 years but they didn’t even know he was there. His spiritual potential was seen in how he started off with God’s hand on him. His early years were not spent being vindictive like his later years.
2. His Bad Behavior: Saul had a greater problem with obedience and it cost him the Kingdom. God told him the things he was to do but he didn’t do them.
3. His Persistent Bitterness: David had played for Saul the harp, when evil spirits would attack him. He loved David until he became jealous of David. After David killed Goliath, the jealousy began over a song.
I Samuel 18:6-7 And it came to pass as they came, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of musick. And the women answered one another as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands.
But we need to give some clarity about this song. Look:
I Samuel 21:10-11 And David arose and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath. And the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not this David the king of the land? did they not sing one to another of him in dances, saying, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands?
I Samuel 29:5 = The Philistines are talking about this song!
5 Is not this David, of whom they sang one to another in dances, saying, Saul slew his thousands, and David his ten thousands?
It is evident that this song had spread throughout the country until even Israel’s enemies knew of this song. All of this led to Saul’s bitterness.
NOTE: Bitterness always starts small, but if it isn’t corrected it becomes violent and irrational.
I Samuel 18:8-9 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but thousands: and what can he have more but the kingdom? And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.
I Samuel 18:10-12 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul’s hand. And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice. And Saul was afraid of David, because the Lord was with him, and was departed from Saul.
4. His Pitiful Burial: Saul’s life ends in shame. He goes to a witch (I Samuel 28) to bring up Samuel from the dead because he was going into battle and God wouldn’t talk to him.
A. What Happens: Satan can’t disturb the souls of the redeemed. If he could do this to Samuel, what would he do to us? This witch is scared to death because she has never experienced anything like this.
B. God does a supernatural work here just like He did with Moses and Elijah on the Mt. of Transfiguration. This is a Divine Miracle.
C. Samuel just repeats to Saul what he had already told him.
I Samuel 28:17-18 And the Lord hath done to him, as he spake by me: for the Lord hath rent the kingdom out of thine hand, and given it to thy neighbour, even to David: Because thou obeyedst not the voice of the Lord, nor executedst his fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath the Lord done this thing unto thee this day.
So we learned the importance of obedience.
TODAY WE LOOK AT DAVID
I. THE WAITING YEARS: I Samuel 16, 17, 18, 19-31
* David was God’s choice as King. David is mentioned some 600 times in the Old Testament and some 60 times in the New Testament.
*He was a shepherd boy who became “a man after the heart of God”. David was a musician, a warrior, and a great King. David’s life is recorded from I Samuel 16 all through II Samuel and to I Kings 2.
* David was anointed King in I Samuel 16. He was just a shepherd boy but God put him through a series of circumstances that would teach him and prepare him to be king.
* He learned to fight the enemies of sheep like wolves, bears and lions. He got good with a sling shot.
* He began writing songs about the greatness of our God. He gets so good at playing, singing and writing songs that he landed a gig for King Saul.
*Waiting years are never wasted years if we stay faithful.
A. LESSON OF COURAGE: (Chapter 17)
* Here we see David conquering Goliath. He could face Goliath and believe God would give him victory because God had already taken care of a lion and bear.
I Samuel 17:45-47 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied. This day will the Lord deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel. And all this assembly shall know that the Lord saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the Lord’s, and he will give you into our hands.
* We all have our Goliaths, but like David, if we will be strong and courageous and trust in God’s Spirit and not our own strength we can win the battles.
B. LESSON OF CONDUCT: (Chapter 18)
* David so behaved himself that people loved him and trusted him. Jonathan, the son of Saul, was one of those men.
I Samuel 18:14-16 And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and the Lord was with him. Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him. But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.
NOTE: From I Samuel 19-31 Saul was trying to kill David but David did not retaliate. Even when he could have taken Saul’s life he “would not touch God’s anointed”.
C. LESSON OF CONVICTIONS: (Chapter 19-31)
NOTE: David’s experience in the Cave at Engedi:
I Samuel 24:3-10 And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where was a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the cave. And the men of David said unto him, Behold the day of which the Lord said unto thee, Behold, I will deliver thine enemy into thine hand, that thou mayest do to him as it shall seem good unto thee. Then David arose, and cut off the skirt of Saul’s robe privily. And it came to pass afterward, that David’s heart smote him, because he had cut off Saul’s skirt. And he said unto his men, The Lord forbid that I should do this thing unto my master, the Lord’s anointed, to stretch forth mine hand against him, seeing he is the anointed of the Lord. So David stayed his servants with these words, and suffered them not to rise against Saul. But Saul rose up out of the cave, and went on his way. David also arose afterward, and went out of the cave, and cried after Saul, saying, My lord the king. And when Saul looked behind him, David stooped with his face to the earth, and bowed himself. And David said to Saul, Wherefore hearest thou men’s words, saying, Behold, David seeketh thy hurt? Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the Lord had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and some bade me kill thee: but mine eye spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my lord; for he is the Lord’s anointed.
NOTE: David’s experience in the Wilderness at Ziphi:
I Samuel 26:7-10 So David and Abishai came to the people by night: and, behold, Saul lay sleeping within the trench, and his spear stuck in the ground at his bolster: but Abner and the people lay round about him. Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will not smite him the second time. And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth his hand against the Lord’s anointed, and be guiltless? David said furthermore, As the Lord liveth, the Lord shall smite him; or his day shall come to die; or he shall descend into battle, and perish.
David would not “touch God’s anointed”. David wasn’t protecting Saul, he was obeying God. David was ruled by the Word of God and not his emotions. The Word of God was the authority of his life.
* David honored Saul until Saul’s death and then honored him after his death. All of those years waiting were never wasted, they were God’s University preparing David to be King of Israel.
II. THE WORKING YEARS: II Samuel 5-12
* David was 30 years old before he became King of all Israel. David was crowned King 3 times. 1) Secretly by Samuel. 2) Crowned King in Hebron (Judah) after Saul died and then 3) 7 years later King over all Israel. He had a tough job because Saul had made a mess of things.
II Samuel 5:3-5 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the Lord: and they anointed David king over Israel. David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.
* There are two parts of the working years of David’s reign!
A. YEARS OF TRIUMPH: II Samuel 5-10
* In Chapter 6 you see that David realized the importance of the spiritual life of the nation. That is when he attempts to bring the Ark back to Jerusalem.
* In Chapter 7, David wants to build God a house but God would not allow it.
* These chapters show the magnificent leader he was.
* In Chapter 9, you see David honoring the friendship of Jonathan by finding and taking care of Mephibosheth. Such a picture of how sin had crippled us but Jesus came and rescued us.
B. YEARS OF TRAGEDY: II Samuel 11-12
I Samuel 11:1-5 And it came to pass, after the year was expired, at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem. And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king’s house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon. And David sent and enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite? And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house. And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, I am with child.
* David’s sin with Bathsheba and his cover-up of the pregnancy and then his murder of Uriah is unthinkable. (V. 11)
* Thank God for the man of God. (V. 12) Nathan the prophet confronts David’s sin and David represents. Psalm 51 tells of David’s remorse and repentance.
* What makes David different than Saul? David repented of his sin.
II Samuel 12:13 And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the Lord. And Nathan said unto David, The Lord also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.
* His heart was tender and sin brought pain in his life. (Psalm 51)
FACTS: 1) David had probably seen Bathsheba before or women just like her on the roof tops. This time David’s heart wasn’t right with God. We see enough every day to cause us to fall if our hearts aren’t right with God.
2) All sin complicates your life and all sin has major consequences. Think before you do it!
3) God doesn’t make us where we can’t sin but He certainly make us where we can’t sin and enjoy it.
III. THE WANING YEARS: II Samuel 13, 15, 18, 24; I Kings 1
* At this point David’s life is never again the same. God forgave his sin but He didn’t remove the consequences. David’s life had many consequences because what you sow you reap.
Galatians 6:7 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.
A. David has trouble in his family:
1) Amnon rapes his sister, Tamar, who is Absalom’s sister. (Chapter 13)
2) Absalom kills his brother Amnon. (Chapter 13)
3) Absalom tries to overthrow David’s throne. (Chapter 15)
4) Absalom is killed by Joab’s army. (Chapter 18)
B. David has trouble in his kingdom: (I Kings 1)
* Adonijah exalts himself as King and Joab and Abiathar the priest go along with him.
* David and God’s choice was to be Solomon. He has more rebellion in the kingdom.
NOTE: As we begin Chapter 2 we realize David dies. Listen to what God has to say.
I Kings 2:10-11 So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.
Acts 13:36 For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption:
It is my desire to hear God say this of me. It is so important for us to be committed to serving God all the way to the end.
CONCLUSION: What stage are you in today?
1. Waiting = Then learn your lessons well. Get good at all you can do.
2. Working = Triumph – Go with God…Give Him all the Glory.
Tragedy – Keep your hearts guarded at all time.
3. Waning = You messed up. You see the consequences of your sin. You are
forgiven but the reaping continues. Stay faithful to God. End well!!